Orange, Texas, May 1943, by John Vachon, via Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
Orange, located on the Sabine River, is a deep-water port to the Gulf of Mexico. (It is also the easternmost city in Texas.) A U.S. naval station opened there during WWII, providing a significant boost to the local economy.
“Arranging flowers for alter on last day of service at Japanese Independent Congregational Church, prior to evacuation [internment],” Oakland, California, April 26, 1942, by Dorothea Langefor the U.S. War Relocation Authority, via National Archives Commons on flickr.
All along the Pacific coast — from 1942 to January 1945 — over 110,000 people of Japanese heritage were forced into internment camps. Sixty-two percent were American citizens.
In 1988, in the Civil Liberties Act, the U.S. Government admitted that its actions had been based on “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.”